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Content

Foreword

Introducing Supercharging Technology

History lessons

  • History lessons
  • Supercharged racing cars
  • Dragsters with superchargers
  • Roots blowers on passenger cars
  • Centrifugal blowers
  • Lisholm screw blower
  • Other blowers

Turbochargers: past and present

  • Turbochargers: past and present
  • Turbochargers on ovals and traditional circuit races
  • Development of Formula 1 engines
  • Troubleshooting cylinder head gasket problems
  • Development of special fuels
  • Overcoming turbo bikes
  • Development of engines in rally racing
  • Combined pressurization
  • Sequential turbocharging
  • Development of systems that mitigate the consequences of turbocharges
  • Production vehicle manufacturers start to use turbocharging
  • Attempts to make turbocharged engines easier to use
  • Development of turbocharger designs

Nitrous oxide: from the origins to the present

  • Nitrous oxide: from the beginnings to the present day
  • Return of nitrous oxide
  • Increase in power by a third
  • How to avoid engine damage
  • Other applications
  • The power increase possible today

Aspiration: theory and basic principles

  • Aspiration: theory and basic principles
  • Density concept
  • Engine Air Density
  • Beware of gimmicks!
  • How compressor efficiency affects air density
  • Increasing boost pressure is not always beneficial
  • Detonation and early ignition
  • How lagging timing affects power
  • Compression ratio versus supercharging
  • SAAB variable ratio engine
  • Competition rules and fuel specifications
  • Compression ratio calculation
  • Top clearance and turbulence in passenger cars
  • Turbulence in racing engines
  • Piston crown thickness, piston ring position and connecting rod length

What you need to know about turbochargers

  • What you need to know about turbochargers
  • How turbochargers increase output power
  • Optimizing performance at low engine speeds
  • Turbocharger dimensions affect performance
  • Turbine A / R ratio and body selection
  • Factors influencing compressor selection
  • Air flow rate calculation
  • Compressor selection using capacity graph
  • Factors to consider when choosing one or more turbochargers
  • Hybrid turbochargers
  • Limit the boost pressure of the ceramic turbine wheel and provide protection against water
  • Turbocharger lubrication and oil circulation
  • Basic principles of turbocharger care
  • Turbocharger recovery

Turbocharger boost pressure control

  • Turbocharger boost pressure control
  • Early boost control systems
  • Intake ventilation valves
  • Influence on the composition of the air-fuel mixture
  • Exhaust bypass valve
  • Gauge pressure sensor and absolute pressure sensor
  • Setting the boost pressure signal source
  • Adjusting the boost pressure
  • Electronic boost pressure control
  • Devices that protect against excessive boost pressure
  • Internal bypass valve capacity problems
  • External bypass valve selection
  • You need an accurate boost pressure gauge

A strategy to prevent turbo lag in turbochargers

  • A strategy to prevent turbo lag in turbochargers
  • Using the gentle speed limiter
  • Choice of engine accessories
  • The importance of customization
  • Influence of gear ratios
  • Technologies used in turbochargers to reduce turbo lag

What you need to know about turbochargers

  • What you need to know about turbochargers
  • Camshaft cam specifications affect boost pressure
  • Blower size and efficiency
  • Choosing between supercharger and turbocharger
  • Roots blowers
  • Centrifugal blowers
  • Lisholm screw blowers
  • Why blowers are suitable for passenger cars
  • Porsche is founded
  • Blower drive and lubrication
  • Boost pressure control and pressure relief valves
  • Beware of flashback

Intake charge cooling

  • Intake charge cooling
  • Calculation of the intake charge density when using an intercooler
  • Calculation of the power increase when using an intercooler
  • Air and water intercoolers
  • Pipe & rib or beam & plate
  • Some other notes on construct types
  • Flow rate and heat dissipation
  • Dual cooler designs
  • Reasoning about intercooler core thickness
  • Requirements for the area of ​​pipelines
  • Optimizing flow rate and efficiency
  • Piping and connections
  • Ensuring effective airflow cooling
  • Water injection into intercooler
  • Water intercooler
  • Intercooler maintenance
  • Other benefits of charge cooling

Water injection and other alternative solutions

  • Water injection and other alternative solutions
  • Water injection rate
  • High-tech water injection systems
  • Sprayer locations
  • A mixture of water and alcohol
  • Use a filter or distilled water
  • Alternative to water
  • Auxiliary injection systems
  • How scammers manage to cheat

Fuel and fuel additives

  • Fuel and fuel additives
  • What does the octane number of fuel mean?
  • History of octane standards
  • Exploratory and motor methods
  • Fuel pump octane number and SON (Supercharge Octane Number)
  • Fuel chemistry and other standards
  • How molecular structure affects detonation resistance
  • Avgas-based racing fuels
  • High-tech fuels
  • Additives for increasing the octane number of fuels
  • Checking, buying and storing fuel at filling stations
  • Why methanol increases power
  • Problems and dangers when using methanol
  • Use of nitromethane and mixture
  • The dangers of using nitromethane
  • Other components added to fuel
  • Assessment of fuel octane requirements
  • Power increases with increasing octane

Fuel supply system

  • Fuel supply system
  • Injector duty cycle
  • Calculation of the throughput of injectors
  • Fuel pressure affects the flow rate of the injector
  • Capacity check and nozzle classification
  • Low fuel pressure negatively affects atomization
  • Fuel pressure regulators
  • Manifold pressure variable regulator
  • Fuel pump and filter
  • Benefits of using multiple pumps
  • Checking the throughput of the power system
  • Fuel supply to the pump
  • Intake piping, fuel lines and fuel rail requirements
  • A different approach to a system with primary and secondary nozzles
  • Location of fuel injectors
  • System with primary and secondary nozzles
  • Resistance of nozzles and selection of electronic unit

Air intake system

  • Air intake system
  • Checking the capacity of the air filter and air chamber
  • High performance air filters
  • When you need a full-flow filter
  • Airflow limitation by airflow sensor
  • Air flow sensor type karmen
  • Throttle body size and modifications
  • Intake manifold pressure chamber design
  • Design and size of distribution channels
  • How to modify a factory intake manifold
  • Cylinder head modifications
  • Valve seats and guides
  • Valve materials and construction
  • Camshaft selection
  • How camber angle affects performance
  • Selection of cams for engines with superchargers
  • Camshafts for engines with nitrous oxide systems

Nitrous oxide injection

  • Nitrous oxide injection
  • Why nitrous oxide injection systems can damage your engine
  • Choice between dry and wet nitrous oxide injection systems
  • Installing a nitrous oxide cylinder
  • Flow direction
  • Nitrous oxide solenoid and sprayer
  • Choosing a charge atomizer
  • Number of nozzles and their location
  • Fuel supply system
  • Nitrous oxide injection system activation components
  • Choosing the ratio of nitrous oxide and fuel in the mixture
  • Ignition timing and spark plugs
  • Compression ratio and piston requirements

Exhaust system

  • Exhaust system
  • The exhaust system affects the performance of the turbocharger
  • Factory manifold modification
  • Gasket selection
  • Tubular manifold manufacturing
  • Reservoir sizing
  • Specialized constructions
  • Connecting an external bypass valve
  • By-pass valve outlet piping
  • Internal bypass valve discharge piping
  • Exhaust pipe sizing
  • Unexpected problems
  • Exhaust pipe selection principles for engines with superchargers and nitrous oxide injection systems
  • Reducing pumping losses
  • Reflections on exhaust pipe size
  • Exhaust pulsation application
  • Exhaust manifold design
  • Sizing the collector
  • Exhaust manifold effect
  • Header design with baffle
  • Merge manifold design
  • Manufacturing and processing of manifolds
  • Rear exhaust pipe dimensions and manufacturing
  • Muffler design and selection
  • Catalytic converter problems and modifications

Combustion process and ignition system

  • Combustion process and ignition system
  • Factors influencing the combustion process
  • Mix quality and turbulence
  • Combustion chamber shape
  • Other aspects of mix flow type
  • Ignition timing
  • Contact ignition systems
  • Contact electronic ignition systems
  • Capacitive ignition system
  • Capacitive multi-spark ignition systems
  • Ignition Voltage Requirements
  • Selecting the type of ignition system
  • Saving the state of the ignition system
  • Improving ignition timing accuracy
  • Determining the optimal ignition timing
  • Anomalies during the combustion process
  • The role of the knock sensor
  • Spark Plug Heat Coefficient
  • Spark plug electrode types and materials
  • Spark plug gap
  • Ignition coil polarity
  • Spark plug maintenance
  • High voltage spark plug wires
  • Valve cover and rotor contact
  • Primary voltage affects the performance of the ignition system

Engine management system

  • Engine management system
  • Mass air flow sensor
  • Air flow measurement systems
  • Alpha-N System
  • Secondary inputs
  • What to look for when choosing an engine management system
  • Factory electronic control unit
  • Choosing an electronic control unit in the aftermarket
  • Reprogramming the factory electronic control unit
  • Using two blocks and the Piggy-back system
  • Electronic control unit programming
  • Choosing the right dynamometer
  • Detailing engine settings diagrams

Improving engine wear resistance

  • Improving engine wear resistance
  • Cylinder block preparation and cracking test
  • Main bearing alignment
  • Cylinder boring
  • Requirements for cylinder wall thickness
  • How to measure the wall thickness of a cylinder
  • Reinforcement of cylinder blocks that share cooling channels with the cylinder head
  • Honing a cylinder
  • Final preparation of the cylinder block
  • Heat treatment of materials from which the crankshaft is made
  • Basic preparation and balancing
  • Crankshafts for racing and high performance engines
  • Loads on connecting rods and materials from which they are made
  • How to prepare factory connecting rods
  • Connecting rod polishing and shot blasting
  • Connecting rod to crankshaft travel ratio
  • Connecting rod bolts and proper tightening
  • Bearing materials and clearances
  • Bearing installation procedure
  • Piston design and production
  • Working piston clearance
  • Clearance between valve and piston
  • Clearance between piston and cylinder head
  • The shape of the piston crown affects the combustion process
  • Piston pin design, clearance and attachment
  • Piston rings
  • Placement of piston rings
  • Piston ring tightness
  • Piston Ring Width
  • Gas channels in the piston
  • Piston Ring Lift
  • Zero clearance piston rings
  • Piston ring clearance
  • Groove gap
  • Construction and materials from which they are made
  • How to install piston rings
  • Running-in piston rings
  • Checking the tightness of the ring
  • Torsional vibration damper
  • Flywheel
  • Preparing the contact surface of the cylinder block piston rings
  • Cylinder head gasket selection
  • Clamping force of cylinder head gasket
  • Cylinder head bolts and tightening
  • Preventing heat damage to the cylinder head

Lubrication system

  • Lubrication system
  • Engine oil testing standards
  • Viscosity and power
  • The concept of "oil viscosity" and additives that increase it
  • Mixed and synthetic oils
  • Engine oil additive kit
  • How often to change the engine oil
  • Oil temperature and oil cooler
  • Oil pumps
  • Oil pump and pressure
  • Preventing engine oil spills
  • Dry sump system
  • Oil tank
  • Engine breathers and crankcase vacuum
  • Oil screens and reflectors
  • Engine oil level
  • Crankcase air passages
  • Crankcase breathers
  • Crankcase vacuum pump

Cooling system

  • Cooling system
  • Air cooling
  • Checking the temperature of the cylinder head
  • Water cooled engine, corrosion and freeze protection
  • Eliminate air bubbles
  • Pressurized cooling system
  • A few notes on the water pump
  • Coolant flow rate control
  • Coolant flow path
  • Cooling holes in the cylinder head gasket
  • Cooling of high power motors
  • Alternative cooling method
  • Radiator maintenance and design
  • Double layer radiator
  • Coolant temperature control with thermostat
  • Radiator cooling fan
  • Optimizing the air flow rate through the radiator
  • Benefits

Modification of a factory supercharged engine

  • Modification of a factory supercharged engine
  • Decide where you will start making modifications
  • Car modification Nissan Sylvia
  • Modification of the car Subaru Impreza WRX
  • Consider replacing the engine
  • Supercharged engine modification

Testing theory in practice

  • Testing theory in practice
  • Air Fuel Ratio and Knock Test
  • Compressor efficiency test
  • Turbocharger performance test
  • Checking the efficiency of the intercooler
  • Calculation of intercooler efficiency
  • Checking for pressure leaks and ducting problems
  • Water intercooler checks
  • Other power thieves

And some more thoughts

  • And some more thoughts
  • Brake booster questions
  • Gearbox torque limitation
  • Gear Ratios
  • Selection of suitable spacing between gear ratios
  • Appropriate gear ratios may not always solve all problems
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Exhaust pulsation applications

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